Collection Ancient Egypt and Sudan

The items that the ancient Egyptians have handed down remain a source of wonder.

Pyramids, mummies, hieroglyphic script and idols appeal to the imagination. They tell us about the fascinating life of the ancient Egyptians and their ideas about the hereafter. A steady stream of new discoveries in the country has served to maintain this interest.

Ancient Egypt owes its position in the first instance to the River Nile that guarantees abundance in a land consisting for the rest of desert. The river’s annual flooding created a fertile Nile Valley where the first civilisations were created. The flooding meant that those living on the banks had to engage in managing the waters. A well organised empire arose that gave rise to the great pyramids of Cheops and Khafra, along with the pharaohs Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Ramses II (the Great). After almost 2,500 years of civilisation, the Egyptian Empire was unable to withstand the Assyrians and the Persians and went into slow decline. Alexander the Great conquered the region with his army in 332. On the death in 30 BC of Queen Cleopatra, the last descendant of the Egyptian royal house, Egypt is made a province of the Roman Empire.

The focus of the collection is on the Amarna Period at the time of Pharaoh Akhenaten, the Graeco-Roman era and the Coptic Christian period. The textiles from the last period go to make up the largest collection in this field in the Netherlands.


The origins of the collection

The private collection of the banker C.W. Lunsingh Scheurleer used to be on display at the Scheurleer Museum in The Hague. Scheurleer’s bank ran into difficulties in 1929 and went bankrupt in 1932. Scheurleer was forced to sell his archaeological collection. A committee, on which Amsterdam Professor Geerto Snijder sat, was able to secure the collection for the Netherlands. The foundation donated the collection to the University of Amsterdam for the purposes of teaching archaeology, under condition that the collection would be open to the public and that suitable accommodation would be found for it.

The museum owns approximately 17,000 original archaeological artefacts from the Mediterranean region, dating from circa 5000 BC to 1000 AD. When considering acquisitions, the legal origins of the items in question, along with whether they fit into the collection are significant criteria.

Collection Specialist

Dr. Willem van Haarlem
Phone number: 020 525 25 54
UvA staff page: Willem van Haarlem